Pepper, a 10 month female spayed mixed breed dog, presented to the Animal Care Center of Polaris for a few days duration of a slightly reduced appetite. Given her non-specific signs, blood work was performed. Initial lab work (complete blood count, chemistry profile, and urinalysis) showed a mild elevation in SDMA (early biomarker of kidney disease) and a very mild amount of crystals (calcium oxalate) in her urine. Pepper was negative for tick borne diseases. Over the next few days, Pepper did not improve. She developed diarrhea, stopped eating and became nauseous.
She re-presented to the hospital for worsening of her clinical signs. Abdominal palpation revealed a large mass within her cranial abdomen. On initial X-rays, one of Pepper’s kidneys was enlarged and is outlined on the image. An abdominal ultrasound allowed us to determine that Pepper’s left kidney was extremely enlarged and, which is a condition known as hydronephrosis. Surgery was performed to remove the affected kidney in a procedure known as a nephrectomy. The kidney was cultured and submitted for biopsy. Upon further evaluation of Pepper’s kidney, two large stones (nephroliths) were found inside of her kidney (pictured). The stones served as an obstruction to kidney outflow and pressure from the back flow destroyed the normal architecture of her kidney.
Pepper was kept hospitalized on intravenous fluids, pain medications, and antibiotics. Her blood work was repeated in 24 hours and all of her kidney values returned to normal ranges. Pepper’s fluids were gradually tapered and discontinued. She was discharged from the hospital and at home is doing well. Pepper was started on a special prescription diet designed prevent future formation of stones in her remaining kidney and to support overall kidney health. Pepper is expected to make a full recovery.
Help Save Pets was originally founded as the Humane Society of Plainfield in 2000. Since then we have placed over 14,000 animals into loving homes. Each one of these animals was given shelter, food, medical aid and vaccinations and time to find the right home. Our doctors mended mutilated limbs and cured many illnesses so that these animals could get a second chance at good lives. We have grown and now operate out of 6 locations, not all of them in Plainfield. In 2008, we changed our name from the Humane Society of Plainfield to Help Save Pets, still HSP.
Dr. Tony Kremer owns 8 veterinary hospitals in the Chicagoland area and two in Ohio. He is the founder of Help Save Pets, an animal shelter which has saved more than 14,000 pets since 2000. Dr. Tony’s knowledge, insight, and advice are shared regularly with major media outlets across the nation and in the third largest market. Dr. Tony is also a member of the Chicago Veterinary Medical Association Public Education Committee that routinely gets the word out about responsible pet ownership.